The most vocal of these groups exist in liberal democraciesand typically attract liberal and libertarian supporters, although drug liberalization itself is a non-partisan issue and may be supported by adherents of any ideology. Harvard Review of Latin America,http: Furthermore, there is a substantial difference between legalization and decriminalization.
They believe that by sending such a large number of drug offenders to prison, the war on drugs has reduced the prison space available for other offenders. Mind you, this is the first death in five months of Colorado legalizing marijuana.
While there are a wide variety of security issues that need to be addressed in Latin America, most appear to be tied to the drug trade along with the U.
But so many innocent people are killed in gang wars over drugs currently. Looking forward to hear what you have to say next! The incubation effect is the redirection of criminal organizations into other forms of illegal activities as a result of residing inside a country for long periods of time. Economics[ edit ] There are numerous economic and social impacts of the criminalization of drugs.
That equals people dead. Prices and consumption[ edit ] Much of the debate surrounding the economics of drug legalization centers on the shape of the demand curve for illegal drugs and the sensitivity of consumers to changes in the prices of illegal drugs.
You are saying that the government is going to make millions or even billions if we legalize drugs. Substantial drug profits incentivize violence for drug trafficking organizations DTOsleading them to fight over limited lucrative drug transit routes. Various proponents of drug liberalization wish to repeal these laws for reasons ranging from individual rights -based defenses of libertyto consequentialist arguments against the economic and social outcomes of drug prohibition.
There will always be people who break the rules. Argentina[ edit ] In Augustthe Argentine supreme court declared in a landmark ruling that it was unconstitutional to prosecute citizens for having drugs for their personal use - "adults should be free to make lifestyle decisions without the intervention of the state".
It begins with drug producing countries in this case, Colombia, Bolivia, and Peruand then travels through the Northern Triangle Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvadoruntil it is trafficked through Mexico and into the U.
Milton Friedman estimated that over 10, deaths a year in the US are caused by the criminalization of drugs, and if drugs were to be made legal innocent victims such as those shot down in drive by shootings, would cease or decrease. However, the main problem with the Latin American legalization policies is that with all of these activities they would not alter U.
Regulate the elections then. Los Zetas, a Mexican drug cartel, provides an interesting case study in illustrating this point. We could possibly cut down on taxes, considering a large amount of taxes go toward fighting the war on drugs. However, the incubation effect would continue to provide low-level street dealers with suddenly illegal employment opportunities.
Proponents of drug decriminalization generally support the use of fines or other punishments to replace prison terms, and often propose systems whereby illegal drug users who are caught would be fined, but would not receive a permanent criminal record as a result. In comparison to global consumption levels, Latin America has been historically low, most likely because a large part of the population has difficulty affording food, let alone expensive drugs.
Montevideo, however, is hardly the only country in the hemisphere entertaining such an option:Mexico: Lopez Obrador government to consider legalization of drugs.
Mexico's drug wars are coming to America. Criminal reform proposal. Variations of drug liberalization include: drug legalization, drug relegalization on the shape of the demand curve for illegal drugs and the sensitivity of consumers to changes in the prices of illegal drugs.
Proponents of drug legalization often assume that the quantity of advocacy for drug legalization has increased in Latin America. Last March, Central American nations held a drug legalization summit in Antigua, Guatemala. As the host of the summit, Guatemalan President Otto Pérez Molina suggested that production, consumption, and sales of narcotics should be regulated and legalized.
1 In April, current strategies to fight the war on drugs received frequent criticism at the Summit of the Americas. Review opinions on the online debate Drug Legalization in North America.
Could Legalizing All Drugs Solve America’s Opioid Epidemic? Several additional states look poised to consider legalization, decriminalization, or medicalization in Fortune may.
In conversations about drug legalization, supporters argue that the government could regulate drugs in order to mitigate the potential risks of making the substances legal — whether it’s more.Download